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Must hold eject down for a couple of seconds. Use F12 if you have no eject key.


Display the "restart / shutdown / sleep" dialog.



表示Poweroption-Cmd-power button

Force a Restart.


Quit the current application.


Hide the current application.


Close a window inside the current application, such as a Mail message.


Switch between applications. Hold Cmd and tap "tab" repeatedly.


Next Window. Cycle through the windows inside an application. Cmd-backtick (not a single quote).

表示TextCmd-X, C, or V

Press Cmd with X to cut, C to copy, and V to insert text. Think this way to remember these. X looks like scissors, or "no good", C stands for "copy" and V is like the proofreader's mark for insert.


Paste text and match it to the surrounding text. Same as "Paste Special, Plain Text" in Windows.

表示Textesc while typing

Autocomplete a word being typed by pressing esc.

表示TextCmd-Arrow Keys (shift)

Move the cursor to the beginning and end of a line (left, right arrow keys) or the top or bottom of an area of text (up, down arrow keys). Add shift to select.

表示Textoption-Right and Left Arrow Keys (shift)

Move the cursor to the beginning or end of this or the next word to the right or left. Add shift to select.


Delete the text to the left of the cursor.

表示Textdel, or fn-delete on a laptop

Delete the text to the right of the cursor, or "forward delete". Marked with a right-facing arrow with an x on full sized keyboards.


Delete the word to the left of the cursor.

表示ScreenshotsCmd-shift-3 (-control)

Take a screenshot of your whole screen. The default is to save a PNG on your desktop, but add the control key to save to the clipboard for pasting.

表示ScreenshotsCmd-shift-4 (-control)

Take a screenshot of an area you drag, after this key sequence. Add control to send to clipboard. When selecting, you can modify the select by holding space, shift or option. Try it!

表示ScreenshotsCmd-shift-4, then spacebar

Take a screenshot of only the window you click, after pressing these keys.


Delete the selected file.


Empty the Trash, with nagging whether you really, really want to.


Empty the Trash, sans nagging.


Show or Hide the Dock.

表示DockPress dock icon

Display the Dock item's menu by clicking and holding the mouse button.

表示Dockoption, in dock menu

Pressing option while you are in the Dock icon's menu changes the Quit to a Force Quit. Good for corralling pesky hung applications.


Cmd-option-click an icon to hide all applications BUT the one you are clicking.


Open spotlight menu.


Open spotlight window.

表示StartupHold C

Start up from a bootable CD or DVD in the internal drive. You might do this when upgrading, or when you need to run something like Disk Utility from the original Mac OS X DVD. Once you boot to the OS X DVD, you can choose Disk Utility from the Installer menu, and then choose "First Aid". As an aside, you can use "DasBoot" utility to create bootable discs.

表示StartupHold D

Start up from the first partition.

表示StartupHold N

Start up from network server using the default NetBoot image.

表示StartupHold T

Enter FireWire Target Disk mode, which allows another Mac to access said Mac in Target Disk mode as if it were an external hard drive. Cable sold separately.

表示StartupHold X

Starts up in Mac OS X (if OS 9 is also present on the same disk).

表示StartupHold shift

Start the Mac in "safe mode" and thereby force a check of the startup volume, and run only necessary kernel extensions. This might be used, for example, to get out of a failed upgrade which is looping the setup assistant. Press shift right as you hear the startup sound, and release shift when you see the grey Apple logo and spinning progress indicator. Give this process time. Leave safe mode by rebooting.

表示StartupHold option

Show the icons of all startup disks, for selection.


Start from external drive (or CD).


Zap the Parameter RAM (PRAM). Start holding the keys prior to the grey screen after boot, hold them through the reset and an automatic reboot, through the second startup tone. Resets settings such as: display / video settings such as refresh rate, screen resolution, number of colors, startup volume, speaker volume, recent kernel panic info if any, DVD region setting. Be sure to go into System Preferences afterward and set the clock and timezone, and speaker volume.


Display the Open Firmware screen.


Force a "Verbose" startup. Show Unix console messages during startup, and see what is going on behind the scenes as your Mac starts.


Start up in single user mode, which is a minimal BSD Unix environment. You can run /sbin/fsck -fy from the CLI, which will force-correct any disk problems. If you get a message that "FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED" this means fsck found and repaired problems. Run it again until no error messages show: i.e.: ** The volume (name_of_volume) appears to be OK **. Exit single user mode by typing reboot.


Eject a stuck CD or DVD.


Shift, just after logging in, to prevent Finder windows from opening and startup items from opening, for this boot.


Popup the dictionary HUD.


Spell check.

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