|Services||Command-:||45||Rick Cogley||2013/12/27 10:08:13||Rick Cogley||2013/12/27 10:08:13|
Popup the dictionary HUD.
|44||Rick Cogley||2013/12/27 10:07:52||Rick Cogley||2013/12/27 10:07:52|
Shift, just after logging in, to prevent Finder windows from opening and startup items from opening, for this boot.
|43||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:20:50||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:20:50|
|Startup||Mousedown||42||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:20:09||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:20:09|
Start up in single user mode, which is a minimal BSD Unix environment. You can run /sbin/fsck -fy from the CLI, which will force-correct any disk problems. If you get a message that "FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED" this means fsck found and repaired problems. Run it again until no error messages show: i.e.: ** The volume (name_of_volume) appears to be OK **. Exit single user mode by typing reboot.
|41||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:19:28||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:19:28|
Force a "Verbose" startup. Show Unix console messages during startup, and see what is going on behind the scenes as your Mac starts.
|40||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:18:29|
Display the Open Firmware screen.
|39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Zap the Parameter RAM (PRAM). Start holding the keys prior to the grey screen after boot, hold them through the reset and an automatic reboot, through the second startup tone. Resets settings such as: display / video settings such as refresh rate, screen resolution, number of colors, startup volume, speaker volume, recent kernel panic info if any, DVD region setting. Be sure to go into System Preferences afterward and set the clock and timezone, and speaker volume.
|38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Start from external drive (or CD).
|37||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Show the icons of all startup disks, for selection.
|36||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Start the Mac in "safe mode" and thereby force a check of the startup volume, and run only necessary kernel extensions. This might be used, for example, to get out of a failed upgrade which is looping the setup assistant. Press shift right as you hear the startup sound, and release shift when you see the grey Apple logo and spinning progress indicator. Give this process time. Leave safe mode by rebooting.
|35||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Starts up in Mac OS X (if OS 9 is also present on the same disk).
|34||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Enter FireWire Target Disk mode, which allows another Mac to access said Mac in Target Disk mode as if it were an external hard drive. Cable sold separately.
|33||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Start up from network server using the default NetBoot image.
|32||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Start up from the first partition.
|31||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Start up from a bootable CD or DVD in the internal drive. You might do this when upgrading, or when you need to run something like Disk Utility from the original Mac OS X DVD. Once you boot to the OS X DVD, you can choose Disk Utility from the Installer menu, and then choose "First Aid". As an aside, you can use "DasBoot" utility to create bootable discs.
|30||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
|Spotlight||Cmd-option-Space||29||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
|Spotlight||Cmd-Space||28||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Cmd-option-click an icon to hide all applications BUT the one you are clicking.
|27||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
|Dock||option, in dock menu|
Pressing option while you are in the Dock icon's menu changes the Quit to a Force Quit. Good for corralling pesky hung applications.
|26||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
|Dock||Press dock icon|
Display the Dock item's menu by clicking and holding the mouse button.
|25||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
|Dock||Cmd-option-D||24||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Empty the Trash, sans nagging.
|23||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Empty the Trash, with nagging whether you really, really want to.
|22||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:39|
Delete the selected file.
|21||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Screenshots||Cmd-shift-4, then spacebar|
Take a screenshot of only the window you click, after pressing these keys.
|20||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Take a screenshot of an area you drag, after this key sequence. Add control to send to clipboard. When selecting, you can modify the select by holding space, shift or option. Try it!
|19||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Take a screenshot of your whole screen. The default is to save a PNG on your desktop, but add the control key to save to the clipboard for pasting.
|18||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Delete the word to the left of the cursor.
|17||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Text||del, or fn-delete on a laptop|
Delete the text to the right of the cursor, or "forward delete". Marked with a right-facing arrow with an x on full sized keyboards.
|16||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Delete the text to the left of the cursor.
|15||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Text||option-Right and Left Arrow Keys (shift)|
Move the cursor to the beginning or end of this or the next word to the right or left. Add shift to select.
|14||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Text||Cmd-Arrow Keys (shift)|
Move the cursor to the beginning and end of a line (left, right arrow keys) or the top or bottom of an area of text (up, down arrow keys). Add shift to select.
|13||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Text||esc while typing|
Autocomplete a word being typed by pressing esc.
|12||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Paste text and match it to the surrounding text. Same as "Paste Special, Plain Text" in Windows.
|11||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Text||Cmd-X, C, or V|
Press Cmd with X to cut, C to copy, and V to insert text. Think this way to remember these. X looks like scissors, or "no good", C stands for "copy" and V is like the proofreader's mark for insert.
|10||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Next Window. Cycle through the windows inside an application. Cmd-backtick (not a single quote).
|9||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Switch between applications. Hold Cmd and tap "tab" repeatedly.
|8||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Close a window inside the current application, such as a Mail message.
|7||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Hide the current application.
|6||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Quit the current application.
|5||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Power||option-Cmd-power button||4||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
|Power||option-Cmd-control-eject||3||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:38|
Display the "restart / shutdown / sleep" dialog.
|2||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:37||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:37|
Must hold eject down for a couple of seconds. Use F12 if you have no eject key.
|1||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:37||Rick Cogley||2013/01/24 9:09:37|