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List Keyboard Shortcuts

SectionKeystrokeCommentsIdCreated ByDate CreatedLast Modified ByDate Modified

Spell check.

45Rick Cogley2013/12/27 10:08:13Rick Cogley2013/12/27 10:08:13

Popup the dictionary HUD.

44Rick Cogley2013/12/27 10:07:52Rick Cogley2013/12/27 10:07:52

Shift, just after logging in, to prevent Finder windows from opening and startup items from opening, for this boot.

43Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:20:50Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:20:50

Eject a stuck CD or DVD.

42Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:20:09Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:20:09

Start up in single user mode, which is a minimal BSD Unix environment. You can run /sbin/fsck -fy from the CLI, which will force-correct any disk problems. If you get a message that "FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED" this means fsck found and repaired problems. Run it again until no error messages show: i.e.: ** The volume (name_of_volume) appears to be OK **. Exit single user mode by typing reboot.

41Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:19:28Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:19:28

Force a "Verbose" startup. Show Unix console messages during startup, and see what is going on behind the scenes as your Mac starts.

40Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:18:29

Display the Open Firmware screen.

39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Zap the Parameter RAM (PRAM). Start holding the keys prior to the grey screen after boot, hold them through the reset and an automatic reboot, through the second startup tone. Resets settings such as: display / video settings such as refresh rate, screen resolution, number of colors, startup volume, speaker volume, recent kernel panic info if any, DVD region setting. Be sure to go into System Preferences afterward and set the clock and timezone, and speaker volume.

38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Start from external drive (or CD).

37Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold option

Show the icons of all startup disks, for selection.

36Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold shift

Start the Mac in "safe mode" and thereby force a check of the startup volume, and run only necessary kernel extensions. This might be used, for example, to get out of a failed upgrade which is looping the setup assistant. Press shift right as you hear the startup sound, and release shift when you see the grey Apple logo and spinning progress indicator. Give this process time. Leave safe mode by rebooting.

35Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold X

Starts up in Mac OS X (if OS 9 is also present on the same disk).

34Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold T

Enter FireWire Target Disk mode, which allows another Mac to access said Mac in Target Disk mode as if it were an external hard drive. Cable sold separately.

33Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold N

Start up from network server using the default NetBoot image.

32Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold D

Start up from the first partition.

31Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
StartupHold C

Start up from a bootable CD or DVD in the internal drive. You might do this when upgrading, or when you need to run something like Disk Utility from the original Mac OS X DVD. Once you boot to the OS X DVD, you can choose Disk Utility from the Installer menu, and then choose "First Aid". As an aside, you can use "DasBoot" utility to create bootable discs.

30Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Open spotlight window.

29Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Open spotlight menu.

28Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Cmd-option-click an icon to hide all applications BUT the one you are clicking.

27Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
Dockoption, in dock menu

Pressing option while you are in the Dock icon's menu changes the Quit to a Force Quit. Good for corralling pesky hung applications.

26Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39
DockPress dock icon

Display the Dock item's menu by clicking and holding the mouse button.

25Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Show or Hide the Dock.

24Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Empty the Trash, sans nagging.

23Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Empty the Trash, with nagging whether you really, really want to.

22Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:39

Delete the selected file.

21Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
ScreenshotsCmd-shift-4, then spacebar

Take a screenshot of only the window you click, after pressing these keys.

20Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
ScreenshotsCmd-shift-4 (-control)

Take a screenshot of an area you drag, after this key sequence. Add control to send to clipboard. When selecting, you can modify the select by holding space, shift or option. Try it!

19Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
ScreenshotsCmd-shift-3 (-control)

Take a screenshot of your whole screen. The default is to save a PNG on your desktop, but add the control key to save to the clipboard for pasting.

18Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Delete the word to the left of the cursor.

17Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
Textdel, or fn-delete on a laptop

Delete the text to the right of the cursor, or "forward delete". Marked with a right-facing arrow with an x on full sized keyboards.

16Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Delete the text to the left of the cursor.

15Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
Textoption-Right and Left Arrow Keys (shift)

Move the cursor to the beginning or end of this or the next word to the right or left. Add shift to select.

14Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
TextCmd-Arrow Keys (shift)

Move the cursor to the beginning and end of a line (left, right arrow keys) or the top or bottom of an area of text (up, down arrow keys). Add shift to select.

13Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
Textesc while typing

Autocomplete a word being typed by pressing esc.

12Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Paste text and match it to the surrounding text. Same as "Paste Special, Plain Text" in Windows.

11Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
TextCmd-X, C, or V

Press Cmd with X to cut, C to copy, and V to insert text. Think this way to remember these. X looks like scissors, or "no good", C stands for "copy" and V is like the proofreader's mark for insert.

10Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Next Window. Cycle through the windows inside an application. Cmd-backtick (not a single quote).

9Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Switch between applications. Hold Cmd and tap "tab" repeatedly.

8Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Close a window inside the current application, such as a Mail message.

7Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Hide the current application.

6Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Quit the current application.

5Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38
Poweroption-Cmd-power button

Force a Restart.

4Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38


3Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:38

Display the "restart / shutdown / sleep" dialog.

2Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:37Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:37

Must hold eject down for a couple of seconds. Use F12 if you have no eject key.

1Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:37Rick Cogley2013/01/24 9:09:37
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